Ultimate Hot Rod Glossary – The S’s (part 2)
S (part 2)
Spindle: The vertical link between the upper and lower control arms of a front (and sometimes rear) suspension. Spindles typically include the axle that supports the wheel & tire as well as the wheel’s brake components.
Split Window: Usually referring to the rear window, this window has two panes of glass with bodywork in between.
Spyder: A light two-seat roadster.
Steelies: Solid, stamped-steel wheels.
Stoichiometric Ratio: The stoichiometric air/fuel ratio is the mixture of air to fuel required for optimal performance in a gasoline engine. In automobiles, 14.7:1 is considered optimal – or 14.7 parts air to 1 part fuel. Less fuel results in a lean mixture. More fuel results in a rich mixture.
Stovebolt: A hot rod running a Chevrolet straight inline six-cylinder engine, which has cylinder head bolts similar to those on wood burning stoves.
Strangler: Slang for a carburetor choke.
Street Legal: Dual-purpose car, capable of performing routine duties as well as weekend racing.
Street Machine: A street-legal highly modified car or truck built in 1949 or later.
Street Rod: A street-legal highly modified car or truck built in 1948 or earlier.
Stretched: A vehicle with a body that has been stretched to lengthen the overall size of the vehicle or to accommodate larger tires.
Strip: Drag strip. More broadly, cars or parts used or intended for racing only. Thus “street-strip” is a dual-purpose car.
Stroked: An engine which has been modified with a longer piston stroke thereby increasing displacement.
Strut: A suspension component that combines the functions of both the shock absorber and upper control arm – eliminating the need for a separate upper control arm.
Subframe: A section of a vehicle frame that attaches to a unibody for the purpose of providing attachment points for the suspension and steering components.
Suicide Door: A rear-hinged door, typically for the front seat. It earned the name because if it opened at a higher speed, it could cause the door to whip backward with great force.
Suicided: Changed from front- to rear-hinged (“suicide door”) type.
Supercharger: A crank driven air-to-fuel mixture compressor which increases atmospheric pressure on the engine, resulting in added horsepower.
Survivor: A well maintained, but unrestored vehicle that remains in original condition. Like the term “restoration”, there are many interpretations of what constitutes a survivor. At the very least, a completely original vehicle that has never been repainted or restored in any manner would be considered a survivor. Some would also consider a repainted vehicle with maybe a redone interior to be a survivor, while to others that would constitute a restoration.
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When I bought this car you told me it was rust-free, but underneath it’s covered with rust.
Yes, sir. The car is rust-free. We didn’t charge you for it, did we?
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